One of the main programs of the Aquino Administration was the creation of autonomous regions in Muslim Mindanao and the Cordilleras. Hence, Section 15, Article 10 of the 1987 Constitution provided for the creation of said autonomous regions.
In anticipation of the creation of said regions, President Corazon C. Aquino on July 15, 1987, issued Executive Order 220 which called for the establishment of the Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR). The CAR composed the provinces of Abra, Benguet, Ifugao, Kalinga-Apayao, Mountain Province, and chartered City of Baguio. Subsequently, President Aquino issued Aministrative Order 36 which provided for the establishment of regional offices in CAR.
By virtue of AO36, different line agencies of the national government started putting-up regional offices--the Population Commission (POPCOM) being one of these offices.
In 1988, groundwork for the establishment of the POPCOM-CAR went underway. Through the efforts of the Ilocos Regional Population Office under the leadership of Oscar P. Mabalot, Regional Director, and Marcial S. Terrado, preparations for the establishment of the regional office were made possible.Thus on May 2, 1989, the POPCOM-CAR, with an initial staff of twelve, was finally established.
As an agency tasked to uplift and develop the social standing of the people of the Cordillera region, the POPCOM-CAR revolved around the general objective which was to support the national government in improving its effort in ahieving consistency of plans, policies, and programs by systematically incorporating population concerns into the wider spectrum of development efforts. More specifically, the programs of the POPCOM-CAR aimed at (1) integrating population concerns in development plans, policies and programs at the national, regional and local levels; and (2)support and implement the impact of population-related factors on development projects.