Regional Center: Baguio City
Land Area: 18,293.7 sq. km
Population (2015): 1,722,006 
Provinces: 6 
Cities: 2

Municipalities: 75 
Barangays: 1,176

OVERVIEW

The Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR) is the landlocked, mountainous region of Northern Luzon. It consists of the provinces of Abra, Apayao, Benguet, Ifugao, Kalinga, Mt. Province, with Baguio City as administrative, service and trade center. The region’s total land area is 18,293.7 sq. km., or about 6.1 percent of the country’s total land area. CAR consists of six provinces, one chartered city, one component city, 75 municipalities and 1,176 barangays as of 31 March 2013. The population of CAR as of May 1, 2010 was 1,616,867 or about 1.8 percent of the country’s total. CAR’s population grew at the average annual rate of 2.3 percent during the period 2007-2010.

The region is the gateway to the natural wonders of Northern Luzon. These include the famous Banaue Rice Terraces in Ifugao, which is considered the “Eighth Wonder of the World” and is included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. Other natural attractions of the region are the splendid Sumaguing Cave in Sagada and the mummy caves of Benguet and Mt. Province. Meanwhile, the province of Kalinga is emerging as the “Ecotourism Discovery of the Cordilleras.” The distinct culture and colorful traditions of the indigenous peoples of the Cordillera likewise make the region unique.

CAR is the “Watershed Cradle of Northern Luzon,” and features 13 major watersheds or river basins that supply water not only to the region but to the adjacent lowland areas in Regions I, II and III as well. This critical water resource has the potential of meeting the demand for energy and irrigation of CAR and the rest of Northern Luzon. These watersheds also feature other vital natural resources such as forest, biodiversity and minerals

Source: 2015 Regional Socio-Economic Trends (RSET, PSA)


A. POPULATION AND ANNUAL GROWTH RATE FOR THE PHILIPPINES AND ITS REGIONS, PROVINCES, AND HIGHLY URBANIZED CITIES BASED ON THE 2000, 2010, 2015, AND 2020 CENSUSES

REGION, PROVINCE, AND HIGHLY URBANIZED CITY TOTAL POPULATION
1-May-00 1-May-10 1-Aug-15 1-May-20
CORDILLERA ADMINISTRATIVE REGION (CAR) 1,365,412 1,616,867 1,722,006 1,797,660
ABRA 209,491 234,733 241,160 250,985
APAYAO 97,129 112,636 119,184 124,366
BENGUET * 330,129 403,944 446,224 460,683
CITY OF BAGUIO 252,386 318,676 345,366 366,358
IFUGAO 161,623 191,078 202,802 207,498
KALINGA 174,023 201,613 212,680 229,570
MOUNTAIN PROVINCE 140,631 154,187 154,590 158,200
REGION, PROVINCE, AND HIGHLY URBANIZED CITY POPULATION GROWTH RATE
(in percent)
2000-2010 2010-
2015
2015-
2020
2010-
2020
CORDILLERA ADMINISTRATIVE REGION (CAR) 1.70 1.21 0.91 1.06
ABRA 1.14 0.52 0.84 0.67
APAYAO 1.49 1.08 0.90 0.99
BENGUET * 2.04 1.91 0.67 1.32
CITY OF BAGUIO 2.36 1.54 1.25 1.40
IFUGAO 1.69 1.14 0.48 0.83
KALINGA 1.48 1.02 1.62 1.31
MOUNTAIN PROVINCE 0.92 0.05 0.49 0.26
Sources:
Philippine Statistics Authority, 2000 Census of Population and Housing
Philippine Statistics Authority, 2010 Census of Population and Housing
Philippine Statistics Authority, 2015 Census of Population
Philippine Statistics Authority, 2020 Census of Population and Housing

Total population by age group and by sex, 2015

CAR   Total  Male  Female 
All Ages       1,722,006       879,340         842,666
Under 1            34,589         17,657           16,932
1 – 4          144,843         74,533           70,310
5 – 9          180,804         92,663           88,141
10 – 14          176,388         90,553           85,835
15 – 19          179,349         90,554           88,795
20 – 24          175,450         89,439           86,011
25 – 29          150,426         78,417           72,009
30 – 34          126,185         66,665           59,520
35 – 39          108,324         56,770           51,554
40 – 44            90,559         47,483           43,076
45 – 49            85,083         43,923           41,160
50 – 54            74,845         38,590           36,255
55 – 59            62,068         31,440           30,628
60 – 64            46,194         22,803           23,391
65 – 69            31,675         15,026           16,649
70 – 74            21,059           9,310           11,749
75 – 79            16,591           6,924             9,667
80 years and over            17,574           6,590           10,984


TOTAL FERTILITY RATE

  2017 DHS 2013 DHS 2008 DHS 2003 DHS 1998 DHS
Philippines 2.7 3.0 3.3 3.5 3.7
Cordillera Administrative Region 2.5 2.9 3.3 3.8 4.8

Source: ICF, 2015. The DHS Program STATcompiler. Funded by USAID. http://www.statcompiler.com. March 28 2019


AGE-SPECIFIC FERTILITY RATE

  2017 DHS 2013 DHS 2008 DHS 2003 DHS 1998 DHS
Cordillera Administrative Region          
10-14              3             –               –               –               –  
15-19            25            53            34            52            54
20-24            92          140          158          170          237
25-29          149          176          154          187          241
30-34          125          107          165          155          203
35-39            79            60            87          125          160
40-44            38            41            52            68            64
45-49              2             –                7             –               –  

SEX RATIO BY PROVINCE/CITY

Area Men Per 100 Women
1980 1990 1995 2000 2010 2015
             
 Philippines  100.7  101.1  101.6  101.4  102.0  102.3 
             
 CAR  102.4  102.4  103.3  103.9  104.2  104.4 
             
 Abra  101.4  102.3  102.9  104.2  104.0  104.4 
             
 Apayao    106.1  107.9  105.6  105.9  107.1  108.9 
             
 Baguio City  94.7  94.8  96.1  96.9  96.2  94.6 
             
 Benguet  1/  107.9  106.8  107.1  106.8  107.1  107.9 
             
 Ifugao  100.5  99.0  103.8  104.3  106.3  106.9 
             
 Kalinga    103.3  103.6  104.6  105.7  106.5  107.6 
             
 Mt. Province  99.7  103.1  104.6  105.9  106.1  105.9 
             
1/  Excludes Baguio City.
Source:  Philippine Statistics Authority